Sometimes referred to as the “horned toad” or “horny toad” due to it’s squat, flattened shape and short, blunt snout, the short-horned lizard is found in North and Central America. They prey mainly on unsuspecting ants, but are known to eat grasshoppers, beetles, and spiders. They themselves must defend against numerous attackers such as hawks, roadrunners, snakes, and coyotes. To do this it employs a very strange technique, it squirts blood form it’s eyes.
The blood serves two purposes, confusing the prey as well as containing a chemical that is noxious to some canines. The blood from the eye technique, couple with their camouflage and ability to blow themselves up to twice their size, makes for a formidable opponent.